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本世纪已经危害人类3次的冠状病毒,根本就不是你想的那样!今天才知道…

文/李骁,刘治军 2020-03-19 15:36:00 来源:科普中国

截至现在,新型冠状病毒还没有找到清晰的传播链条。

波克棋牌下载2003NIANDEFEIDIAN(SARS)、2012NIANDEZHONGDONGHUXIZONGHEZHENG(MERS)HE2019NIANDEXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDU(COVID-19),RANGSHIRENRENSHILEZHEIZHONGZHANGDEXIANGWANGGUAN,QUERANGRENWENZHISEBIANDE“TOUHAOKONGBUFENZI”——GUANZHUANGBINGDU。

波克棋牌下载CHULEYISHANGRULEIGUANERDE“GUANZHUANGBINGDUSANXIONGDI”,QISHIGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHIGEDAJIAZU,HAIYOUZHONGDUOBINGXINGBUTONGDEXIONGDIJIEMEI。

波克棋牌下载TAMENYOUDEGANRANREN,YOUDEGANRANDONGWU,YOUDERENHEDONGWUDOUBUFANGGUO。

波克棋牌下载RUJINSUIRANGUONEIYIQINGZHUANHAO,DANXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUQUEZAISHIJIEGEDIBAOFA。

KONGJULAIYUANYUWEIZHI,NAXIEGUANZHUANGBINGDUHUIGANRANREN?“GUANZHUANGBINGDUSANXIONGDI”DAODINAGEZUIKEPA?RUJINSHISHIHOUHAOHAOLEJIEYIXIALE。

冠状病毒有哪几种?

GUANZHUANGBINGDU,YINZAIDIANZIXIANWEIJINGXIAWAIMOSHANGYOUHENDUOXINGZHUANGLEISIRIMIANDEJITU,JIUXIANGWANGGUANYIYANGERDEMING。

波克棋牌下载BINGDUFENWEIDNABINGDUHERNABINGDU,ERGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHIDANLIANRNABINGDU,YINCITABEILIERUHETANGBINGDUYUZHONG,BINGGUISHUYUNIDUOBINGDUMU(Nidovirales)DEGUANZHUANGBINGDUKE(Coronaviridae)。

ZAIGUANZHUANGBINGDUKEXIABAOHANLIANGGEYAKE:GUANZHUANGBINGDUYAKE(Orthocoronavirinae)HELetoYAKE(LetovirinaeMUQIANMEIYOUDUIYINGDEZHONGWENFANYI)。

波克棋牌下载QIZHONGGUANZHUANGBINGDUYAKEZHONGYOUBEIFENWEISIZHONGSHU:αGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHU、βGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHU、γGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHUHEδGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHU。

HUIGANRANBURUDONGWU(REN、ZHU、NIU、MAO、SHU、BIANFUDENG)DEGUANZHUANGBINGDUZHUYAOWEIα、βSHUGUANZHUANGBINGDU。

波克棋牌下载ERHUIGANRANQINNIAOLEIDEGUANZHUANGBINGDUZHUYAOLAIYUANYUγ、δSHUGUANZHUANGBINGDU。

SARS-CoV、MERS-CoV、COVID-19“SANXIONGDI”DOUSHUYUβGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHU。

MUQIANYIZHIKEGANRANRENLEIDEGUANZHUANGBINGDUGONGYOUQIZHONG,CHULE“GUANZHUANGBINGDUSANXIONGDI”,HAIYOU:

1960NIANFAXIANDEHUIYINQIRENLEIHUXIDAOGANRANHEKEYINFAPUTONGGANMAODESHEQUHUODEXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDU——FENBIEMINGMINGWEI“RENGUANZHUANGBINGDU229E(HCoV-229E)”YU“RENGUANZHUANGBINGDUOC43(HCoV-OC43)”;

波克棋牌下载2004NIANFAXIANDERENGUANZHUANGBINGDUNL63(HCoV-NL63);

2005NIANFAXIANDERENGUANZHUANGBINGDUHKU1(HCoV-HKU1)。

冠状病毒是从哪里来的?

波克棋牌下载YOUYIXIEYIZHIGUANZHUANGBINGDUHUIZAIDONGWUJIANCHUANBO,MUQIANSHANGWEIGANRANRENLEI。

波克棋牌下载ERGANRANRENDEGUANZHUANGBINGDUJIBENLAIYUANYUDONGWU,MUQIANRENWEI,SARS-CoVSHICONGGUOZILICHUANDAORENSHENSHANGDE,MERS-CoVSHICONGDANFENGLUOTUOCHUANDAORENSHENSHANGDE。

DANJIEZHIXIANZAI,XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUHAIMEIYOUZHAODAOQINGXIDECHUANBOLIANTIAO。

NEIDONGWUSHENSHANGDEGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHINALILAIDENI?

DONGWUBENSHENJIUSHIZUICHUDESUZHU,ERBINGDUDELAIYUANSHIZIRANJIELIBENSHENCUNZAIDE。

“冠状病毒三兄弟”哪个最强?

BENSHIJIYIJINGCHANSHENGLESANCIGUANZHUANGBINGDUSHIJIAN。YICISHI2003NIANDESARS,YICISHI2015NIANDEMERS,ZAIYOUYICIJIUSHIJINNIANDECOVID-19。WOMENXIANLAIDUIBIYIXIASIWANGLVJIZAOCHENGYINGXIANGDEXIANGGUANSHUJU。

波克棋牌下载SARS-CoV:2003NIANSHIJIE网上棋牌中心ZUZHIFABUDEXINWENGAOZHICHU,ZAIYAZHOUBAOFADESARSDAOZHICHAOGUO8000RENBEIGANRAN,SIWANGLVYUEWEI10%。

波克棋牌下载MERS-CoV:JIEZHI2019NIAN12YUE,MERSGANRANQUEZHEN2468LI,SIWANG851LI,SIWANGLVYUEWEI34.5%。

COVID-19:ZHONGNANSHANBIAOSHI,XINGUANBINGDUDEPINGJUNCHUANBOXISHUJIEJIN3,SHIFEICHANGGAODE,ERQIEHAIMEICHUXIANZHENGZHUANGJIUYOUCHUANRANXING,ZHEISHIBURONGYIYUFANGDE。

SHIJIE网上棋牌中心ZUZHIZAI2020NIAN2YUE28RIFABIAODE《SHIJIE网上棋牌中心ZUZHIYUZHONGGUOLIANHETEPAITUANBAOGAO》XIANSHI,JIEZHI2YUE20RIDETONGJISHUZI,CULVEYUGUZHISILVYUEWEI3.8%。

CONGSHANGSHUBAODAOHESHUJUZHONGKEYIKANCHU,JINGUANXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUDESIWANGLVYAODI,DANTADEGANRANYUCHUANBONENGLIJIAOQIANG。

SHISHIYEZHENGMINGLEZHEIDIAN:WHOZAI3YUE11RIXUANBUXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUJINRUQUANQIUDALIUXINGZHUANGTAI。SRASHEMERSSUIRANSIWANGLVGAO,DANBINGWEIZAOCHENGQUANQIUDAFANWEIDEYINGXIANG,ZAOCHENGDEJINGJISUNSHIYAOYUANXIAOYUXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUZAOCHENGDESUNSHI。

预防冠状病毒有疫苗或特效药吗?

MUQIANMEIYOUYUFANGGUANZHUANGBINGDUGANRANDETEXIAOYAO。YIMIAODEYANFASHIYIGEGEMANZHANGYANJINDEGUOCHENG,YIBANXUYAO2~5NIANSHIJIAN。DANGRAN,RUGUOQUANQIUYANFARENYUANTONGLIHEZUOKENENGHUISUODUAN,RUWHOCENGYUGUZUIKUAIZAI18GEYUEWANCHENGXINGUANBINGDUYIMIAO,ERZUOTIANZHONGNANSHANBIAOSHI,MEIGUOYIMIAOJUSHUO9YUEJIUKEYIYONGZAIRENSHENSHANG,ZHONGGUOYEZAISAIPAO,GUJIQIANHOUBUHUICHADUOSHAO。

3YUE17RI,YOUJUNSHIKEXUEYUANJUNSHIYIXUEYANJIUYUANCHENWEIYUANSHILINGXIANDEKEYANTUANDUI,CHENGGONGYANZHICHUZHONGZUXINGUANYIMIAO!ERQIEZHEIGEZHONGZUXINGUANYIMIAOHUOPIQIDONGZHANKAILINCHUANGSHIYAN。JUCHENWEIYUANSHIJIESHAO,ANZHAOGUOJIDEGUIFAN,GUONEIDEFAGUI,YIMIAOYIJINGZUOLEANQUAN、YOUXIAO、ZHILIANGKEKONG、KEDAGUIMOSHENGCHANDEQIANQIZHUNBEIGONGZUO。

YIMIAOYANFAYIBANBAOKUO4GEJIEDUAN:ZHIBEIMIANYIYUAN、DONGWUHE3QILINCHUANGSHIYANYANZHENG、PIZHUNSHENGCHANSHANGSHI,TOURULINCHUANGSHIYONG。

SHOUXIANYAOFENLICHUDUZHU,CIQIANGUONEIJIGOUYIJINGCHENGGONGFENLIDAODUZHU。

HUODEBINGDUMIANYIYUANHOU,YAOJIANLIDONGWUMOXING,DUIYANZHIYIMIAODEXIAOLI(NENGFOUCHANSHENGKANGTI?)HEANQUANXING(HUIBUHUIDAOZHIMIANYIGUOTOUSUNHAIZIJI?)JINXINGCHUBUCESHI。

波克棋牌下载CHENGGONGHOUZAISHENBAOFUZADERENTILINCHUANGSHIYAN,RANHOUKAISHILINCHUANGGUANCHA。

波克棋牌下载SANQILINCHUANGSHIYANWANCHENGHOU,ZHENGSHIYIMIAOSHIANQUANDE、YOUXIAODE、WENDINGDE,CAIKEYIZOULVSETONGDAOHUODEKUAISUSHENPITOURUSHENGCHAN。

HAIYOUYIGEZHONGYAODEQIANTI:YIMIAOYANJIUQIJIANBINGDUBUYAOCHANSHENGTEZHENGXINGDEBIANYI,FOUZEKENENGQIANGONGJINQI。

KANSIJIANDANDE4GEGUOCHENG,SHISHIQILAIHENMANZHANG:2014NIANAIBOLABINGDUYIQINGBAOFA,ZHIDAO2019NIAN11YUEYIMIAOCAIPIZHUNSHANGSHI,CISHIJULIYIQINGBAOFAYIGUOQUWUNIAN。ER2003NIANBAOFADESARSHE2012NIANBAOFADEMERSZHIDAOXIANZAIDOUMEIYOUXIANGYINGDEYIMIAO。

波克棋牌下载SUIRANZHONGGUOMUQIANYIQINGDEDAOLEKONGZHI,DANSHIYIMIAOYANFARENGRANJUYOUZHONGYAODEYIYI。YIQINGFASHENGHOU,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYU1YUE10RIDIYISHIJIANXIANGQUANQIUGONGBUXINGUANBINGDURNAXULIE。RUJINYIMIAOZHENGZAIYANFA,WOGUOYIMIAOYANJIUJINZHANBUHUIMANYUGUOWAI,ZONGTISHANGSHUGUOJIXIANJINXINGLIE。

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