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不仅是男/女,我们的大脑至少有9种性别表达

2020-03-20 12:11:00 来源:环球科学

近期的一项研究显示,男性、女性和跨性别者大脑在静息状态下的神经活动存在明显差异。

波克棋牌下载TANDAOXINGBIE,WOMENTONGCHANGHUIXIANGDAONANXING/NVXINGZHEIYANGJIANDANDEFENLEI。DANZAIDANAOZHONG,XINGBIEDEBIAODAHUIGENGJIAFUZA。JINQIDEYIXIANGYANJIUXIANSHI,NANXING、NVXINGHEKUAXINGBIEZHEDANAOZAIJINGXIZHUANGTAIXIADESHENJINGHUODONGCUNZAIMINGXIANCHAYI。ERZONGHEDANAOYUXINGGETEZHENG,YANJIUZHETONGGUOJIQIXUEXISUANFAHENGLIANGXINGGETEZHENGYUDANAOSHENJINGHUODONGZHIJIANDEXIANGGUANXINGHOU,HUAFENCHUDUODA9ZHONGBUTONGDEDANAOXINGBIEBIAODA。

生理性别和心理性别

BAOKUORENLEIZAINEI,SUOYOUBURUDONGWUDESHENGLIXINGBIEZHUYAOYOUXINGRANSETIJUEDING。LILUNSHANG,BUGUANYIGERENTINEIYOUDUOSHAOTIAOXRANSETI,MEIYOUYRANSETIJIUBEIRENWEISHINVXING,YOU1TIAOYRANSETIJIUSHINANXING。ZAIPEITAISHIQI,YRANSETISHANGDESRYJIYIN,YEBEICHENGWEI“XINGBIEJUEDINGJIYIN”,NENGCUJINNANXINGSHENGZHIQIGUAN(GAOWAN)FAYU;ERMEIYOUY RANSETIHESRYJIYINDENVXINGPEITAIHUIZIRANDIFAYUCHUNVXINGDESHENGZHIQIGUAN(LUANCHAO)。ZHEILIANGZHONGSHENGZHIQIGUANFENBIENENGCHANSHENGERQINGGAOTONG(XIONGXINGJISU)HECIERCHUN(CIXINGJISU),WEICHINANXINGHENVXINGDIERXINGZHENGDEWENDING。ERZAIPEITAIFAYUDEGUOCHENG,BAOKUOSRYJIYINZAINEI,ZHEIXIECUJINSHENGZHIQIGUANFAYUDEXIANGGUANJIYINYIDANCHUXIANTUBIAN,JIUHUIYINQIXINGFAYUYICHANG,SHITAIERZAICHUSHENGHOUBIAOXIANWEIXINGZHENGMOHU。

TONGSHI,RENLEIGETIHAIJUYOUXINLIXINGBIE,YECHENGWEI“XINGBIERENTONG”,JIGETIDUIZIJISHI“NANXING”HAISHI“NVXING”DEYIZHONGZHUGUANGANJUE。ERDUIYUSHENGLIXINGBIEHEXINLIXINGBIEBUXIANGFUDEGETI,YEJIUSHIKUAXINGBIEZHE(transgender),TAMENJINGCHANGHUIYINWEI“XINGBIEJIAOLV”(gender dysphoria),ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGGAIBIANZIJIDESHENGLIXINGBIE,YIFUHENEIXINDUIZISHENXINGBIEDERENSHI。

SUIRANRENLEIDEXIAOHAICONG2SUICAIKAISHICHANSHENGXINGBIERENTONG,DANZAICHUSHENGSHI,TAMENDEDANAOZAIXINGBIERENTONGSHANGJIUJUYOUYIDINGDESHENGWUJICHU。LINGWAI,JISUHEHUANJINGYINSUZAICUJIN“XINGBIERENTONG”SHANGJUYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ZAIYIXIANGDUIKUAXINGBIEZHEDEYANJIUZHONG,YANJIURENYUANFENXILE380MINGNVXINGKUAXINGBIEZHETINEI12ZHONGKENENGYINGXIANGXINGJISUDAIXIETUJINGDEJIYIN。TAMENFAXIAN,YOU4GETEDINGDEJIYINFASHENGTUBIANDEPINLVHENGAO,NENGGAIBIANXINGJISUDEXINHAOCHUANDAO。LINGYIXIANGFABIAOZAI《XIBAO》SHANGDEYANJIUBIAOMING,XINGJISUNENGYINGXIANGDANAOZHONGDEXIAQIUNAO,YIJICHULIQINGXUDEXINGRENHEQUYU,NENGSUZAONANXINGHENVXINGDEBUTONGXINGGE。

不同性别的神经活动

ZAIYIXIANGFABIAOZAI《DANAOPICENG》(Cerebral Cortex)SHANGDEYANJIUZHONG,DEGUOYACHENGONGYEDAXUEDEUte HabelJIAOSHOUHETONGSHITONGGUOGONGNENGXINGCIGONGZHENCHENGXIANG(FMRI)HEBEIMUXINGBIEJIAOSEDIAOCHABIAOFENXILE92MINGCANYUZHEDUIZISHENDE“XINGBIERENTONG”。ZHEIXIECANYUZHEFENBIESHISHENGLIXINGBIEYUXINLIXINGBIEZHONGHEDESHUNXINGBIE(cisgender)NANXING、SHUNXINGBIENVXING(XIAMIANZHIJIECHENGWEINANXINGHENVXING),YIJIKUAXINGBIENANXING(YOUNVXINGZHUANBIANWEINANXINGDEKUAXINGBIEZHE)HEKUAXINGBIENVXING,MEIZURENSHUWEI23MING。

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波克棋牌下载YANJIURENYUANGUANCHADAO,NANXINGHENVXINGZAIDANAODEESHANGHUIHEYUNDONGQIANQU,JUYOUJIERANBUTONGDESHENJINGHUODONGMOSHI。ERNENGTONGGUOXIADINGYEQUYUDESHENJINGHUODONG,JIUNENGJIANBIECHUGETIYINGGAISHINVXING。LINGWAI,KUAXINGBIENANXINGZAIDANAODENIEHUIHOUBANBUFEN、YUNDONGQIANQUPICENGHEEZHONGHUI,JUYOUMINGXIANDESHENJINGHUODONG。ERKUAXINGBIENVXINGZAIDANAOZHONGNIEYE、DINGYE、ZHENYEHEEYEQUYU,JUYOUGUANGFANSHENJINGHUODONGMOSHI。

人类大脑有9种性别表达

1974NIAN,MEIGUOXINLIXUEJIASANGDELA·BEIMU(Sandra Bem)RENWEIYIGERENKEYIJUYOUNVXINGXINGGEHENANXINGXINGGE。WEILESHIBIEZHEILEI“SHUANGXINGBIEZHE”,TASHEJILEYIFENNENGHENGLIANGXINGGETEZHENG,JIBEIMUXINGBIEJIAOSEDIAOCHABIAO(Bem Sex-Role Inventory,BSRI)。BSRIBIAOZHONGGONGYOU60GEBIAOSHIXINGGEDEXINGRONGCI,BAOKUOLE20GEDIANXINGNANXINGXINGGEMIAOSHU、20GEDIANXINGNVXINGXINGGEMIAOSHUYIJI20GEZHONGXINGMIAOSHU,BINGNENGGENJUCANYUZHEYUXUANXIANGDEQIHEDU(YONG1——7FENBIAOSHI“CONGBU”DAO“ZONGSHI”)JINXINGDAFEN,BINGPANDUANCANYUZHESHUYUDIANXINGNANXING、DIANXINGNVXING、SHUANGXINGHUAYIJIWEIFENHUAZHONGNAYILEIXINGGETEZHENG。

波克棋牌下载ERYANJIURENYUANYELIYONGBSRIBIAOSHOUJILECANYUZHEDEXINGGETEZHENG,SHITUTONGGUOJIQIXUEXISUANFAZONGHEHENGLIANGCANYUZHEXINGGETEZHENGYUDANAODESHENJINGHUODONGZHIJIANDEXIANGGUANXING。JIEGUOFAXIAN,BUWANQUANKAOLVSHENGLIXINGBIEDEQINGKUANGXIA,92MINGCANYUZHEHUIBEIGUILEIWEI9ZHONGWEIDUDENAOXINGBIEBIAODAHUO“ZUOBIAOZHOU”(brain-gender axis)。

ZAIBSRIBIAODE60GEXINGGEZHONG,QIZHONGYIBUFEN,LIRU“LEYUJIESHOURENWU”、“JUYOUFENXINENGLI”、“BULUANSHUOZANGHUA”、“KEKAO”、“SHANGYEXING”YIJI“XIHUANGONGWEI”,YUMOUZHONGNAOXINGBIEBIAODADEXIANGGUANXINGYOUWEIMINGXIAN。

WENZHANGDEZHUYAOZUOZHEZHIYIDanilo BzdokBIAOSHI,MUQIANZHEIXIANGCHUBUHEZUODEYANJIU,JIANGSHITAMENNENGGOUHUIJISHENZHIGENGFENGFUHEDUOZHONGMOSHIDESHUJUJI。ERCONGSHUJUFENXIDEJIAODU,RUGUOSHOUJIDESHUJUYUEDUO,CONGZHONGFAXIANGENGDUOXINGBIEZHONGLEIDEKENENGXINGJIUYUEDA。TASHUO:“WOMENDEYANJIUXIANGYAOZHENGMING,TONGGUODANAOCHENGXIANGFANGFA(FMRI)NENGGOUZHENGSHI,RENLEIDEXINGBIEZAIDANAOZHONGBUZHIZHIYOUYANGEDELIANGZHONGXINGBIE。TONGGUOZAISHENGWUXUEDEJIAODUTIGAORENMENDUIXINGBIEDERENSHI,NEIXIEJIANGZIJIJIEDINGCHUYUNANXINGHENVXINGXINGBIEZHIJIANDEGETI,ZAISHEHUIZHONGYEJIANGHUISHOUDAOGENGDUODEBAORONG。”

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